Yusaku Horiuchi

Dartmouth Study Finds Foreign Aid Boosts Public Opinion

A new study by researchers from Dartmouth and two Australian universities provides the first empirical evidence using data from a variety of countries that foreign aid can greatly improve foreign public opinion of donor countries.

The findings are based on a U.S. foreign aid program targeting HIV and AIDS—the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)—that has substantially improved public perception of the United States in the more than 80 developing countries receiving the aid. But the findings have broader policy implications for an emerging international order in which major powers increasingly use foreign aid rather than militarized conflicts to sway global public opinion and pursue a range of objectives in foreign relations, researchers say.

The working paper, which has been accepted for publication in the Quarterly Journal of Political Science, is available on SSRN (Social Science Research Network). The study included researchers from Dartmouth College, the University of Sydney, and the Australian National University.

Envisioning a Peaceful Israel, Scientifically (The New Yorker)

In a story in The New YorkerProfessor Bernard Avishai, a visiting professor of government, writes about a method for determining the cost of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to Israel’s economy.

“The problem is that it is difficult to determine the opportunity cost of the conflict,” Avishai writes. “How well might the Israeli economy have done if the conflict hadn’t taken place?”

Avishai’s colleague, Yusaku Horiuchi, imagines a “synthetic Israel”—a composite of countries similar to Israel in various respects, but without the conflict with the Palestinians—which can be tracked alongside the real Israel. Horiuchi, the inaugural Mitsui Chair in the Study of Japan and an associate professor of government, with the help of Asher Mayerson ’15, analyzed data from both Israeli and “synthetic Israeli,” Avishai writes.

“Cumulatively,” he writes, “from 2001 to 2010, Israel’s per capita G.D.P. was $25,513 less than that of synthetic Israel’s.

Conference Showcases Japan Studies at Dartmouth

Dartmouth will host a two-day conference, “Japan Studies at Dartmouth: Educating Global Citizens,” on November 8 and 9, celebrating the past, present, and future of Japanese studies at the College.

The conference, sponsored by the Office of the Dean of the Faculty, will commemorate the storied history between Dartmouth and the Tokyo-based company, Mitsui & Co., Ltd., which in 2011 established the Mitsui Professorship at Dartmouth.

“For more than 100 years, Dartmouth College has had a connection to Japan beginning with Kan’ichi Asakawa, Class of 1899, the first Japanese student to graduate from the College, and Mitsui has been an integral part of that long connection,” says Yusaku Horiuchi, the inaugural Mitsui Chair in the Study of Japan , an associate professor of government, and co-organizer of the conference. “We welcome the participation of anyone interested in Japan, Japanese studies, and Dartmouth’s global initiatives in general.”